Post Content

Infographic - How To Prevent Type 2 Diabetes - All Information Provided in Blog TextType 2 diabetes accounts for 90 to 95 percent of cases of diabetes, in which blood sugar (glucose) levels are too high, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The good news is that type 2 diabetes can be prevented, even among people who have already been diagnosed with prediabetes, a condition where the blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not yet in the diabetic range.

The Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), a study sponsored by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), found that prediabetic participants who made lifestyle changes were 58 percent less likely to develop the disease after three years.

The goal of the Massachusetts Department of Public Health (DPH) Diabetes Prevention and Control Program is to educate the public on how to prevent and manage diabetes, as well as improve access to high-quality diabetes care.

Who Is at Risk for Type 2 Diabetes?

A number of characteristics increase a person’s risk for type 2 diabetes, as well as prediabetes, a condition which 37 percent of American adults have according to the CDC’s National Diabetes Statistics Report. Those who are most at risk for diabetes:

  • Have high blood pressure or cholesterol;
  • Have an immediate family history of diabetes;
  • Are overweight or obese (you can use the CDC’s adult BMI calculator to determine if you are in one of these categories);
  • Are African American, Native American, Asian/Pacific Islander, or Hispanic;
  • Are not physically active;
  • Are more than 45 years old; or
  • Have experienced gestational diabetes or have given birth to an infant weighing more than 9 pounds.

If left untreated, diabetes can cause serious health problems, including the amputation of lower limbs, heart attack and stroke, loss of vision, and kidney failure.

What Can You Do to Prevent Type 2 Diabetes?

The most important thing you can do is to get tested — early and regularly. Find a physician in Massachusetts if you’re at risk. With help from your doctor, you can prevent diabetes with just a few simple lifestyle changes, specifically:

  • Losing between 5 and 10 percent of your body weight if you’re overweight;
  • Starting a moderate exercise routine — at least 30 minutes most days of the week; and
  • Eating healthy foods such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.

There are many ways to accomplish these goals, including taking advantage of some of the resources Massachusetts offers.

What Are the Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes?

Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes - All Information Provided in Blog Text

Although type 2 diabetes is associated with several symptoms, not every patient will experience the same — or any — signs. It’s important to be tested if you’re in a high-risk group for the disease, no matter how you’re feeling. Signs of diabetes include:

  • Excessive thirst or hunger;
  • Slow-healing wounds;
  • Frequent urination;
  • Frequent infections;
  • Changes in vision; and
  • Tiredness.

Prediabetic individuals typically do not experience any symptoms, but may notice dark patches of skin around their neck or armpits.

Start making healthier lifestyle changes today. For more information on diabetes care, contact DPH’s Diabetes Prevention and Control Program.

Do you have prediabetes? What strategies have you used to be healthier? Share your favorite tips with us @MassGov.

Written By:

Tags: , , , , , , ,

Recent Posts

Safe Toys and Gifts for Children posted on Dec 1

Safe Toys and Gifts for Children

Children love receiving gifts and presents year-round, and the excitement that comes from unwrapping a gift can fill a house with joy. While toys are meant to be fun and entertaining, they can pose several safety risks. In 2014 there were approximately 251,800 toy-related injuries,   …Continue Reading Safe Toys and Gifts for Children

Hurricane Preparedness: Be Ready Before the Storm posted on Jul 18

Hurricane Preparedness: Be Ready Before the Storm

This is a guest blog post from the Massachusetts Emergency Management Agency (MEMA). Governor Baker has proclaimed July 16–22, 2017 to be Hurricane Preparedness Week to underscore the Commonwealth’s vulnerability to tropical storms and hurricanes. Historically, the majority of tropical storms and hurricanes that have   …Continue Reading Hurricane Preparedness: Be Ready Before the Storm

Celebrate Independence Day in Massachusetts posted on Jun 22

Celebrate Independence Day in Massachusetts

As the state where the Boston Tea Party, Battle of Bunker Hill, and first shots of the American Revolution happened, Massachusetts is a special place to celebrate the 4th of July. Whether you’re looking for a free event for the family or a way to give back to America’s   …Continue Reading Celebrate Independence Day in Massachusetts