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Legislative functions should be restricted to the Legislature

Article 20 (1780)

The power of suspending the laws, or the execution of the laws, ought never to be exercised but by the legislature, or by authority derived from it, to be exercised in such particular cases only as the legislature shall expressly provide for.

Precedents

 English Bill of Rights (1689):

“[T]he pretended power of suspending the laws or the execution of laws by regal authority without consent of Parliament is illegal;

[T]he pretended power of dispensing with laws or the execution of laws by regal authority, as it hath been assumed and exercised of late, is illegal.”

 

Section 7, Virginia Declaration of Rights, Adopted unanimously June 12, 1776,  Virginia Convention of Delegates, drafted by Mr. George Mason:

“That all power of suspending laws, or the execution of laws, by any authority without consent of the representatives of the people is injurious to their rights and ought not to be exercised.”

 

Article 7, Maryland Declaration of Rights , Adopted November 11, 1776, Delegates of Maryland in Free and Full Convention Assembled:

“That no power of suspending laws, or the execution of laws, unless by or derived from the Legislature, ought to be exercised or allowed.”

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