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Recently the President signed a number of commutations for federal prisoners; most had been sentenced under now outdated standards for nonviolent drug crimes.
Under Article II Section 2 of the Constitution, he has the power to “grant reprieves and pardons for offenses against the United States, except in cases of impeachment.”
The Department of Justice has a clemency initiative page that includes guidelines, standards, statistics and applications.

Under Article 73 of the Amendments to the Constitution of the Commonwealth, the Governor of Massachusetts has the power to grant executive clemency subject to the advice and consent of the Governor’s Executive Council. It can take one of two forms: pardon or commutation. Each governor establishes parameters for the pardon process through Executive Clemency Guidelines that express his or her philosophy.
Governor Baker’s guidelines :
The state Parole Board has a page on Executive Clemency Overview.

• A pardon is an act forgiving the petitioner for the crime. All records related to the crime or offense will be sealed. Mass. Gen. Laws ch. 127, § 152
Regulations here

• A commutation only reduces a petitioner’s sentence or punishment. Regulations here :

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