Whether it’s type 1 or type 2, well-managed or uncontrolled – diabetes and the flu don’t mix well.
When people with diabetes get the flu they have a higher risk of complications like hospitalization and even death. Why is this? Diabetes can make the immune system less able to fight the influenza virus that causes the flu. In addition, sometimes people don’t feel like eating when they are sick. It may be difficult to maintain a regular diet or medication regimen, and this can cause blood sugar levels to rise or fall. Flu infection itself can also raise blood sugars. Even people whose diabetes is well controlled need to have a plan to manage their condition when they are sick.
Vaccination is the best protection against flu. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that people with diabetes who are six months and older get a flu shot every year. (It’s important to note that the nasal spray flu vaccine should not be given to people with diabetes.) People with diabetes are also at increased risk of developing pneumonia from the flu, therefore a pneumonia (pneumococcal) vaccine is also recommended and should be part of a diabetes management plan.
We saw the impact of flu on people with diabetes during the 2009 H1N1 flu pandemic – one in four patients with diabetes who were hospitalized for flu required intensive care. While these data are alarming, it sends the message that people with diabetes need to protect themselves against the flu.
The best time to get vaccinated is before flu season starts (in other words, now) and before people around you start becoming sick or ill. The flu vaccine is safe and effective. In fact, it has been shown to reduce the number of hospitalizations and deaths in people with diabetes.
If you have questions about the flu or flu vaccine, visit www.mass.gov/flu or contact the Department of Public Health, Division of Epidemiology and Immunization at (617) 983-6800. To find out where you can get a flu shot, talk with your health care provider or visit http://flu.masspro.org to find a flu clinic near you.
Weekly Flu Report, February 12, 2016 posted on Feb 12
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Happy Valentine’s Day…Made Even Happier! posted on Feb 11
I used to think that Halloween through New Year’s was the hardest time of the year to stick to my goal of eating healthfully, considering leftover candy from trick or treating, Thanksgiving dinner, holiday parties and gatherings—the list goes on and on. By the time …Continue Reading Happy Valentine’s Day…Made Even Happier!
Highlights from the February 10th Public Health Council Meeting posted on Feb 10
This month’s Public Health Council meeting featured a series of presentations and discussions on proposed amendments to regulations, followed by informational updates on select Department initiatives. First the Council received updates from the Department on the status of proposed amendments to regulations related to: Safety Requirement for …Continue Reading Highlights from the February 10th Public Health Council Meeting