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Vaccines give parents the safe, proven power to protect their children from serious diseases. Parents can provide the best protection by following the recommended immunization schedule – giving their child the vaccines they need, when they need them.

Week 3 ImageVaccines help protect babies and young children against 14 serious diseases before their 2nd birthday. It is very important that babies receive all doses of each vaccine, as well as receive each vaccination on time. After age 2, children are still recommended to receive a yearly flu vaccine. Children will also be due for additional doses of some vaccines between 4 and 6 years of age.

Even though you are keeping them safe from diseases, it’s hard to see your child cry when they get their shots. But you can take some steps before, during, and after a vaccine visit to ease the short-term pain and stress of getting shots.

There are many ways you can make your visit less stressful. Read about the shots your child will get in advance from a trust-worthy source, like Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia’s Vaccine Education Center, Every Child by Two, and Dr. Ari Brown’s article “Clear Answers and Smart Advice about Your Baby’s Shots.”  “CDC has a lot of useful information to help parents understand the importance of on-time vaccination,” said Dr. Candice Robinson, a pediatrician at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). “You can review this information before your appointment, and then, you can ask your child’s doctor any remaining questions you have about vaccines.”

You may also want to bring your child’s vaccine record to show the doctor, and pack a favorite toy, book, blanket, or other comfort item to keep your child occupied at the visit. For older children, shots can pinch or sting, but not for long. Remind them that shots help keep them healthy.

Distract your child with a toy, a story, a song, or something interesting in the room. Make eye contact with your child and smile, talk softly, or sing. Hold your child tightly on your lap, if you can. Take deep breaths with an older child to help “blow out” the pain.

After the shot, hug, cuddle, and praise your child. For babies, swaddling, breastfeeding, or offering a bottle may offer quick relief. Comfort and reassure older children if they cry.

If you notice redness, soreness, or swelling from the shot, place a clean, cool washcloth on the area. These reactions are usually mild and resolve on their own without needing treatment. If your child runs a fever, try a cool sponge bath.

You can also use a non-aspirin pain reliever if your doctor says it’s OK. Some children eat less, sleep more, or act fussy for a day after they get shots. Make sure your child gets plenty to drink. If you’re worried about anything, call your doctor.

“Remember,” added Dr. Robinson, “keeping your child up-to-date on vaccines is the best way to protect against vaccine-preventable diseases.” Most parents choose the safe, proven coverage of vaccines and are vaccinating their children according to the recommended immunization schedule. This scientifically-based schedule is designed to protect children when they are most susceptible to vaccine-preventable diseases.  The decision to vaccinate on time is one way parents can safeguard their child’s health.

Written By:


Immunization Outreach Coordinator in the Bureau of Infectious Disease

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